Consejos para Venecia

Venecia se disfruta nada más de patearla y patearla. Eso es su mejor oferta. Lo peor, como te podrás imaginar, es la jartá de turistas que hay a cada paso. Lo bueno es que, como en todo el mundo, se suelen concentrar en los sitios más típicos y rehúsan el callejeo aleatorio, que es lo que te recomendaría que hicieras.

Islas: Lo de ir a Lido está bien si entre los que vayáis hacéis una media de 80 años y vuestras declaraciones de la renta os salen a pagar cantidades de 7 o más cifras. Aparte de la playa (y no vas a ir a ver playas a Venecia…) no merece la pena.  De las islas de Murano, Burano y otras con la misma rima visité sólo Burano y estuvo bien, sobre todo si pasas del rollo de los cristaleros y vas a alguna taberna a tomar un café y ver ambiente veneciano de verdad.

-Aparte de los pocos sitios que te recomiendo abajo no pisaría ninguno sin referencias personales. El timo al turista en la región de Venetto no es una posibilidad trágica sino una tradición familiar sagrada. A lo cual añado una pega: Me cuesta mucho recordar un supermercado o tienda “normal” en Venezia (aunque las hay). En Lido están en la calle principal pero en Venecia están escondidas. Así que a menos que comas postales con mayonesa o bocadillo de máscaras de carnaval te recomiendo meter chacina variada en la mochila para los bocatas. Si no, con tomar algo en los sitios que os recomiendo vais que chutáis porque tampoco vais muchos días como pa jartaros de ellos.

Aunque durante mi estancia allí no salí tanto de Lido (donde estaba mi casa y la universidad) como quisiera, sí os puedo recomendar algunos sitios para ver/comer. El campo de santa margherita es la zona más juvenil de Venecia. En la misma plaza hay una pizzería pequeña que vende para llevar, que NO es un restaurante para guiris (no tiene sitio para sentarse dentro ni fuera), y que tiene buen precio y las pizzas están ricas. La reconocerás porque es la única con esas características en esa plaza. Mi recomendación es que os pilléis una pizza y a comer en los bancos que hay enfrente. . Estando en esa plaza, y mirando de frente a la pizzería, hay un pequeño callejón a la derecha que tiene una taberna pequeña con buenas “tapas” y vinos a precio razonable. La reconocerás porque verás muchos venecianos y estará petada dentro y fuera. Para una cena más “romántica” y en condiciones, la opción que recomendaban muchos compañeros del máster se llama “Paradiso Perduto”: http://www.tripadvisor.es/Restaurant_Review-g187870-d2102004-Reviews-Paradiso_Perduto-Venice_Veneto.html . Yo fuí allí sólo cuando nos graduamos y la verdad es que comimos bastante bien y a buen precio. Está en un barrio muy veneciano y os vendría bien dar un paseo por allí antes de la cena. Quizá haga falta reserva así que preguntad. Lo mejor de allí es la pasta con calamares en su tinta o con otros tipos de pescado/marisco.

Frente a la gondola, el traghetto: Supongo que muchos no estaréis motivados por la estafa de lo de la góndola, pero a la vez os gustaría montaros en una. La opción local y económica es el traghetto, que es la forma de cruzar ciertas partes de ciertos canales de Venecia. Vale 50 céntimos y os dará la experiencia de la góndola sin la estafa de la misma y con un sabor más indígena. La única vez que lo hice me llevó una amiga así que tendréis que preguntar en el hotel o algún veneciano. Merece la pena.

Otro barrio poco frecuentado por guiris es el guetto de Venecia: http://www.veneziasi.it/it/itinerari-storici-venezia/il-ghetto-ebraico-venezia.html . Por ahí hay muchas tabernas locales en las que me han dicho que se pueden comer bien pero no conozco ninguna de primera mano. Aquí el consejo es el mismo que para toda Venecia: donde se escuche a la gente hablando italiano y esté lleno, pa dentro. Otra cosa imperdible es el momento del aperitivo, que es el tapeo/ beber vino antes del almuerzo. De la lista que viene en esta web os recomiendo el que se llama “Al Ponte”, al que es fácil llegar y se come y se bebe a buen precio. Si vais a echar varios días podéis hacer visitas de un día a Verona, Padova y otros sitios que estén cerca en tren. Los trenes funcionan bien allí. Ojo, tenéis que picar el billete ANTES de montaros en unas maquinas que hay en los andenes.

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Faut-il supprimer les prisons?

Aujourd’hui, les prisons font partie aujourd’hui de n’importe quel État moderne, qu’il soitdémocratique ou pas. Le débat sur les conditions d’emprisonnement ces dernières décennies a aidé à améliorer les conditions des détenus de façon générale. En plus, les systèmes alternatifs de punition (travail communautaire, amendes,…) sont aussi plus nombreux et moins pénibles qu’auparavant. Pourtant, quand on abordele sujet de la situation des prisons (surtout la surpopulation), il y a une question qui ne se pose presque jamais: faut-il les supprimer ? Est-ce que la prison permet de diminuer la criminalité ? Qu’est-ce que Michel Foucault voulait dire quand il a dit : « Les prisons sont des centres de recrutement pour l’armée du crime » ? Cette question n’est pas facile mais il faut la poser ouvertement.

Premièrement, il faut faire attention aux statistiques. Selon les chiffres officiels étudiés par un juge espagnol pour l’association andalouse de droits de l’homme APDHA, 42% des délits commis sont liés à la violation de la propriété privée (vols, cambriolages, braquages,…. ;4 % concernent des délits contre la santé publique (trafic de drogues) ; finalement, 24 % concernent des délits plus graves (viols homicides…). En d’autres termes, presque 8 prisonniers sur 10 sont enfermés à cause de délits liés à la pauvreté (petits délits -braquages-, souvent liés à la consommation ou vente de drogue). Après l’expérience de « rééducation » en prison, plusieurs des ces ex-prisonniers se trouvent dans le même environnement que celui dans lequel ils se trouvaient avant d’entrer en prison. La spirale pauvreté-criminalité-prison-pauvreté ne s’arrête presque jamais. C’est un des premiers problèmes.

En outre, quoique le nombre de délits diminue, les messages que j’entends sont souvent pour solliciter l’augmentation de la durée des peines. Si nous voulons vraiment diminuer la criminalité, d’autres chemins doivent être explorés. Premièrement, il faut que nous implémentions des mesures sociales pour diminuer les inégalités qui mènent à la criminalité. Deuxièmement, on doit réviser la durée des peines, spécialement pour les délits mineurs comme les vols. Finalement, nous devons lancer un débat en profondeur sur la légalisation des drogues et les possibles peines alternatives pour les délits liés à la consommation et vente de drogue.

Faut-il supprimer les prisons ? Angela Davis, l’historique activiste des droits de l’homme et professeure universitaire aux États-Unis se déclare abolitionniste et compare la lutte pour l’abolition des prisons avec d’autres luttes abolitionnistes de l’histoire de l’humanité. Si cette position est réaliste ou non n’est pas important. Le plus important est de permettre que ces questions fassent partie du débat que, comme société, nous devons avoir
avant de continuer la politique expansionniste qui promeut la création de nouvelles prisons pour enfermer le nombre croissant de pauvres.

Time to take our ePrivacy back

(A version of this article was originally published at https://blog.mailfence.com/time-take-eprivacy-back/)

We are already living in the future. Humans attacking robots, fridges leaking your passwords, mattresses that can tell you if your partner is cheating on you , dolls that can be used to listen to your children and “social networks” that experiment with your moods. How should the “real future” look like? That is the debate we are having right now.

After the adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the EU will benefit from a (semi) harmonised set of rules to regulate how personal data can be used. But what about your right to privacy and the confidentiality of your communications? Will they be protected? Although the GDPR covers a wide range of uses of your personal data, another piece of legislation (called ePrivacy) regulates specific aspects of electronic communications.

The updated ePrivacy Regulation will deal with new aspects such as the Internet of Things, communication via messengers like WhatsApp, Signal, Facebook Messenger etc, tracking walls (the current status being “accept advertising, malware and viruses or you won’t be able to read the news”) and who can read your emails or access your devices. Should your email provider read your email to show personalised advertising? Should WhatsApp use your contact list to suggest new friends on Facebook? Should newspapers know what you read and which other websites you visit? That is the debate we are having now.

Unfortunately, the discussion has been dominated by the tracking and advertising industry based on a series of myths and on misleading data that has created a feeling that the digital media industry will be killed . However, as the Eurobarometer survey has shown, “72% of European citizens stated that it is very important that the confidentiality of their e-mails and online instant messaging is guaranteed”. By not having strong privacy laws we are being controlled by a duopoly of advertisers who will benefit from the millions of Europeans who can access the internet. On the other hand, by ensuring that ePrivacy goes beyond what the current legislation does and covers current gaps we can set higher standards for the EU, and indirectly for the rest of the world and take our ePrivacy back.

Read more:
https://edri.org/epd-faq/
https://edri.org/eu-member-states-undermine-e-privacy-proposal/

Use Signal for all your communications, also on your desktop

One key advice I give to everyone who has a minimum interest in protecting their privacy is using Signal as a messaging app alternative (or in addition to) other messaging apps such as WhatsApp. You can use Signal as your general SMS and messaging app. If your contact does not have Signal installed, you will be sending un-encrypted SMS to them. If your contact has installed Signal, you will be sending by default encrypted messages. Note that if you are not using data on your mobile you will only be able to receive (and send) unencrypted SMS until you connect to data again.

Regarding differences between different apps out there, it is worth having a look at the EFF score card (currently under re-evaluation). In the EU at least, one of the most used apps is WhatsApp. Although Whatsapp uses (now) the same protocol than Signal to encrypt communications from one device to the other (end-to-end encryption), WhatsApp still does logs and uses the metadata (who you talk to, who are your contacts…) for purposes you might not want Facebook (who owns WhatsApp) to use them.

Signal has been recommended by Edward Snowden, famous whistle-blower that uncovered the NSA massive surveillance system. See this recommendations here:

You can install Signal for Android from Google Play or from other app stores for other operative systems. Once you install it, you might want to install the desktop application for your convenience of use when working on your laptop. Find below some instructions for the installation:

For Linux users: follow these instructions below:

1- Anywhere on your desktop, press CTRL+T to open the terminal

2- Write:

In case you do not have curl installed  yet:

Write:

sudo apt install curl

And then copy and paste the following text:

curl -s https://updates.signal.org/desktop/apt/keys.asc | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb [arch=amd64] https://updates.signal.org/desktop/apt xenial main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/signal-xenial.list
sudo apt update && sudo apt install signal-desktop
/opt/Signal/signal-desktop --import

3- Enter your password as required

4- Go to your Signal app, go to Preferences, then go to Linked Devices, de-link all other previous connections you may have, and then press “+” and scan the QR code.

5- Ready to go!

For other operative systems (Windows, Apple):

1.If you never had installed Signal in your Windows/Apple device:

Just go here and dowload the application for your device: https://signal.org/download/

2. If you already had it installed in the first place:

– Go to the current Signal app in Chrome/Chromium:

– Click in the preferences and select something like “move to standalone Signal app”.

– You’ll see links to download the corresponding file for your OS.

– Go to your Signal app, go to Preferences, then go to Linked Devices, de-link all other previous connections you may have, and then press “+” and scan the QR code.

– Ready to go!

Ce jour-là en 2011 (texte à la Willy Ronis)

General strike. Athens 2015
Author Diego Naranjo – Creative Commons license CC BY

Ce jour-là, je participais à la énième grève générale à Athènes, où j’habitais pendant  mon Master en 2011. Cette année avait été celle de plusieurs protestations dans toute l’Europe à cause de la crise financière, des plans d’austérité pour les citoyens et des plans de sauvetage des banques. J’avais l’habitude de participer aux manifestations en tous genres et j’ai pris un bon nombre de photos en couleurs et en noir et blanc. Cette photo-là, je l’ai prise juste après un des lancements de gaz par la police, tradition asphyxiante qui arrivait chaque fois en réponse aux jets de pierres des groupuscules de jeunes cagoulés. Au moment où j’ai poussé sur le déclencheur, nous profitions d’une précieuse accalmie où tous ceux qui ne portaient pas de masques et n’avaient pas pris de protecteur gastrique (anti-acide, efficace contre les effets du gaz lacrymogène) récupéraient en buvant de l’eau. Du coup, j’ai vu cette femme qui avait un air de résignation stoïque. Comme on m’avait déjà pris pour un policier en civil et que j’étais trop près d’elle, j’ai fait semblant de rien et j’ai tenu mon appareil en bas, sans regarder le viseur. J’ai eu la chance de capter le moment où elle a craché de l’eau pour se rincer la gorge de l’acide du gaz. Cette photo me plaît non seulement parce qu’elle reflète la gravité du moment mais aussi parce que la femme regarde dans la direction opposée aux autres piétons derrière elle. Et puis, il y a aussi ce bâtiment vétuste qu’on peut voir derrière eux et qui règne sur la place Syntagma (Constitution) d’Athènes, ce n’est autre que celui du Ministère des Finances. En outre, le calme confronté à ce que je percevais comme des moments de tension, décrit aussi la situation générale de la Grèce pendant ce printemps particulièrement agité.

Random 2017

Budapest
Lisbon
General Public License not allowed in Lisbon
Trädtopp recording session – Drum kit
Trädtopp recording session
Trädtopp recording session
re:publica
BXL
Cádiz
Estonia
Estonia’s unique sport

Latvian food
Stairway to Italy

Six states raise concerns about legality of Copyright Directive

Published originally at: https://edri.org/six-states-raise-concerns-about-legality-of-copyright-directive/

According to a new leak, a number of EU Member States share our serious concerns about the proposal for mass surveillance and censorship of uploads to the internet in Europe, included in the European Commission’s proposal for a new copyright Directive. Those Member States seem unwilling to build a censorship machine forcing EU countries to adopt Google’s current practices. They highlight that such practices should not be implemented without making sure of the consequences for fundamental rights and for the rule of law.

Source of the image: http://copybuzz.com/analysis/eu-countries-question-legality-attack-fundamental-rights/

The leaked document contains a list of questions posed to the internal legal service of the Council of the EU, signed by six EU Member States: Belgium, the Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Ireland and the Netherlands. From the questions, it appears that those Member States feel that the proposals for the upload filter are so grave that their legality is in serious doubt. They have asked the Council legal service to evaluate if the proposal is legal, in light of the proactive monitoring of content being demanded. Following the rulings (Scarlet/Sabam, Netlog/Sabam) of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) that such proactive filtering are a disproportionate breach of freedom of expression and information, freedom to conduct a business and to the protection of personal data, the Member States want a neutral evaluation.

They also ask if these measures are “justified and proportionate”, in order to verify if they would be in line with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. These Member States also ask if the fact that one article of the proposed copyright Directive could fundamentally change the scope of the liability principles for internet providers in the e-commerce Directive. Those principles are crucial for freedom of expression in Europe, because they prevent internet companies from being excessively incentivised to restrict users’ communications.

The six Member States also raised crucial questions about the argument that searching for specific files (within all internet traffic) is a “general” monitoring obligation (see Question 3). This doubt appears very valid, bearing in mind that the e-Commerce Directive (recital 47) explicitly states that exceptions to the prohibition of general monitoring obligations would only be possible when searching for data in “a specific case”. Are millions of searches “a specific case”?

Finally, they also ask whether the wording “communication to the public” is being mixed up with the expression “providing access” when, as these Member States recall, “(t)he CJEU has never considered that is (sic) was sufficient for a service to be ‘providing access’ in order to establish that it is communicating to the public.”

The Council legal service will have to analyse thoroughly these questions before it can take a position on the subject, but right now it seems they will only deliberate orally during the next working group on 11-12 September. It is clear that the European Commission should have, but apparently did not, carry out a neutral assessment of these questions before launching its proposal for the copyright Directive. Therefore, it is welcome that the six EU Member States have invested time and resources in diligently raising fundamental questions on illegality, legal uncertainty and outright chaos that the upload filters suggested in Article 13 of the proposed Directive would bring. It is crucial to clarify what they would mean for human rights in the online environment, for European innovation and for Europe’s credibility in defending online freedoms in its foreign policy. The EU Presidency, Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) supporting the censorship machine, and some Member States (such as France, Spain, and Germany) should take note of the serious questions posed to the Council and re-think their positions on this debate.

More info:

Leaked document: Questions from Member States to the Council legal services on the Censorship Machine
http://statewatch.org/news/2017/sep/eu-copyright-ms-questions.htm

EU countries question legality & attack on fundamental rights
http://copybuzz.com/analysis/eu-countries-question-legality-attack-fundamental-rights/

No, you can’t enjoy the music you paid for, says EU Parliament Committee (05.07.2017)
https://edri.org/no-you-cant-enjoy-the-music-you-paid-for-says-eu-parliament/

Proposed Copyright Directive – Commissioner confirms it is illegal (28.06.2017)
https://edri.org/proposed-copyright-directive-commissioner-confirms-it-is-illegal/

EU Copyright Directive – privatised censorship and filtering of free speech (10.11.2016)
https://edri.org/eu-copyright-directive-privatised-censorship-and-filtering-of-free-speech/

Copyright reform: Document pool
https://edri.org/copyright-reform-document-pool/

(Contribution by Diego Naranjo, EDRi)

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